Employee Benefits under OpRA
Optional remuneration arrangements now apply where employees can choose to sacrifice part of their salary for certain benefits. In essence, if employees forgo some salary in order to receive a benefit, they are taxed on the higher of the amount sacrificed or the value of the benefit.
Pension contributions, bicycles provided under a cycle to work scheme are exempt from these new rules.
See our Spring 2019 Newsletter for further details.
New VAT Rules for Building Firms - VAT Reverse Charge
From 1 October 2019 builders, contractors, and other trades associated with the building industry will have to get to grips with reverse charging for VAT.
Essentially only the main contractor who invoices the end customer for the building will charge VAT.
Subcontractor S invoices for building work done to contractor C. Currently S charges VAT to C (say £1,000 plus £200 VAT, totalling £1,200) and C pays £1,200 to S. C reclaims £200 as input tax and S pays £200 to HMRC as output VAT..
From 1 October S issues an invoice to C stating that the services are subject to the reverse charge, and does not add VAT (invoice for £1,000). C adds the £200 VAT not charged to it's output tax and also to it's input tax meaning the two amounts cancel each other out and C has nothing to pay HMRC. S also has nothing to pay HMRC.
There is more detail in our Spring 2019 Newsletter.
Please contact us to discuss these in more detail.
Tax Treatment of Termination Payments
New rules for the tax treatment of termination payments of payments in lieu of notice (PILON) are being introduced from 6 April 2018.
Whether or not the employee is entitled to a contractual payment in lieu of notice, employees will pay tax and Class 1 NICs on the amount of basic pay that they would have received if they had worked their notice in full.
Contact RZ Associates for more information.
Pre -Registration input VAT
Where goods were bought by the business in the four years prior to the date of VAT registration and those goods are still on hand at registration, input tax may be claimed to the extent they are for use in making taxable supplies. This means that if the business uses those goods for exempt, non-business or private use, there would need to be an apportionment to reflect that. However, there is no adjustment required to reflect use prior to VAT registration.
Assuming wholly business use in a fully taxable business the input tax would be claimable per the original VAT invoice.
Indexation Allowance - Post January 2018
Capital gains indexation allowance for companies was stopped from 1 January 2018. However, contrary to belief, limited companies are still able to make a claim for indexation allowance, albeit claimed in a slightly different way.
The change means that when a company makes a capital gain on or after 1 January 2018, the indexation allowance that is applied in order to determine the amount of the chargeable gain will be calculated up to December 2017. Previously indexation allowance would be calculated up to the month in which the disposal of the asset occurred.
Indexation was completely removed for individuals from April 2008 as part of the capital gains tax simplification. The result of which would be the same for companies who have bought assets since 1 January 2018 as zero indexation allowance would be applicable to those assets.
It is therefore theoretically a good time for companies who have held assets for a number of years to bank the relief whilst it is available and of most benefit to them as any inflation on the asset post-January 2018 would not be covered by an indexation allowance.
Indexation for companies may follow suit and eventually be completely scrapped as we suspect the rules to be brought in line with individuals. There has however been nothing officially announced on this as yet.
Trading and property allowances
For the tax year 2017/18 we saw the introduction of two new £1,000 tax-free allowances, the property allowance and trading allowance.
The trading and property allowance provides for a complete exemption from income tax if the total trading or property income in the year is less than £1,000.
If a person has both types of income, they will receive a £1,000 allowance for each.
Each is aimed at relieving the taxpayer of having to report nominal amounts of income which HMRC would, in turn, find very cost-ineffective to process and collect the tax due.
Full exemption is only available if the total income, not profit, is below the limit. So individuals are required to record their income level and if their trading income goes above £1,000 they will need to inform HMRC and be subject to self-assessment.